Indigenous peoples



Scope note(s)

  • According to the ILO Convention No. 169, "indigenous and tribal peoples" stands for "(a) tribal peoples in independent countries whose social, cultural and economic conditions distinguish them from other sections of the national community, and whose status is regulated wholly or partially by their own customs or traditions or by special laws; (b) peoples in independent countries who are regarded as indigenous on account of their descent from the populations which inhabited the country, or a geographical region to which the country belongs, at the time of conquest or colonisation or the establishment of present state boundaries and who, irrespective of their legal status, retain some or all of their own social, economic, cultural and political institutions. Self-identification as indigenous or tribal shall be regarded as a fundamental criterion for determining the groups to which the provisions of this Convention apply." The term can be accompanied by the name of a specific people, i.e. Yanomani Indigenous peoples. The term "aboriginal peoples" is used in the context of Australia, Canada and the United States

Display note(s)

Hierarchical terms

Equivalent terms

Indigenous peoples

  • UF Indigenous populations
  • UF Populations indigènes

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